Plant species
Botanical NamePiper longum L.
Family PIPERACEAE
Threat StatusLow Risk-Near Threatened / Regional
Used InAyurveda, Folk, Tibetian, Unani and Sidha

Distribution
It is a native of North East India. Globally the species is distributed in the Indo-Malesian region and SriLanka. Within India its presence is reported from the lower hills of Central to Eastern Himalayas as well as Western Ghats of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It has also been recorded in Nicobar Island. This species is probably native to North East India, globally distributed in Indo-Malesia. Within India, it is found in the hotter parts of India, from Central Himalayas to Assam, Meghalaya, Bengal, evergreen forests along the western ghats and Car Nicobar Islands.
Common Uses
The fruit and root of Pippali is used in the form of powder to treat fever, diarrhoea, piles, cough, hiccough, asthma, hoarseness of voice, consumption, flatulence, , colic, vomiting, acid gastritis, u, oedema, , pox, diseases of mouth, eye diseases, diseases of semen, diseases of women, intrinsic haemorrhage, jaundice, , dentition, and earache.Fever:Boiled milk , sugar, pippali, honey and ghee these should be churned together and taken. This is useful in malarian fever, wasting due to chest-wound, consumption. Cough:Pippali mixed with honey alleviates cough, dyspnoea, fever splenomegaly and hiccough. It is particularly recommended for children (VM.1.113; also SG.2.6.37);BP.Ci.1.377,820). Piles The use of butter milk kept in a vessel anointed internally with the paste of pippali, pippalimula, cavya (piper chaba), vidanga (Embelia ribes), suthi (zingiber officinale)and haritaki (terminalia chebula) is wholesome (SS.Ci.6.13) Asthma Powder of pippali, amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica) and sunthi (zingiber officinale) mixed with honey and sugar should be given frequently. It checks hiccough and asthma (10-15 gms) (VM.12.6; also CD.12.7)
Taxon Sheet Details (CAMP Workshops at)
Madhya Pradesh (July 2003)
MAPS AVAILABLE
Piper longum
DIGITAL HERBARIUM
Piper longum
Conservation Concern Details
State Threat StatesWith Assessment year Trade
ChhatisgarhVU2003High
KeralaNT1999High
OdishaEN2007High
Tamil NaduEN1998High
Language
(No. of Names)
Vernacular Name
Arabic (5)dar filfil, dar-filfil, filfilmoya, filfilsiya, pila mol; piplamol
English (1)long pepper
Hindi (9)gazpipal, pimpli, pipal, pipal mal, pipar, piplamul, pipli, pipli-mool, pipulmul
Kannada (13)hipli, hippali, hippali balli, hippaliballi, ippali, kuna, kuna balli, modi, thippali balli, tippali, tippall, tippili, yippali
Malayalam (12)capala, cattu-tirpali, cattutirpali, chapala, cuttaterpati, kana, kattutipali, kattutippali, magadhi, pippali, tippali, tippli
Marathi (4)pimpalee, pimpli, piplee, pipli
Persian (7)filfil-i-daraz, filfilderaz, filfildray, filfilmoya, maghz-pipal, pilpil, pipal
Sanskrit (68)capala, catikasira, chanchala, chupula, dantakapha, eranda, gonamika, granthika, granthikam, ka, kagophale, kana, kanamula, kati, katubija, katugranthikam, kola, kolamula, kolya, korangi, krikala, krishna, krishnapippali, krsna, krsnatandula, kuna, magadha, magadhaja, magadhajam, magadham, magadhi, magadhika, magadhodbhava, maghadi, magudhi, mula, na, osanam, pippali, pippali mula, pippalika, pippalimulam, pippalu, pippuli, rudhakam, ruthakam, sadgraathi, sadgranthi, sarvagranthikam, saundi, shaundi, shoundi, shyama, sukshmatandula, sumulakam, syama, tandula, tiksnatandula, tiktatandula, trikana, upakulya, upkulya, upukulya, usana, ushuna, vaidehi, vaidehikana, videhi
Tamil (229)a, akaci@, akari2, alakalunku#, alakalunku@, alakaman, amirtai2, amirutai1, ampinati, ampu, ampu2, arakanti, arake, argadi, aricitippili, arippalam, arisi thippili, ariyantippilli, ariyapalam, ariyappalam, arkali, arkati, arke, arkki, arsithippili, arttikam, atcatti, ati maruntu, atimaruntu, atti, atti@, attikatiyam, calani1, calani@, calini1, camilaki, camilakikam, camivaci, canam1, capala, capalai, capalatikam, caram, caram1, catalam1, catevi, cati, cati2, catikam, caucanti, caunti, cauntikam, cavikam, cavuntai, cavuntakam2, cavuntam2, cavunti, cavvantam, cayalati, cayini, cayinikam, cayulati@, cayutai, cemmai, ceruppatai, cilerpananaci1, cilettumanaci, cilettumanacini, cilettumattukkati, cincatai, civalokatti, cukkumatantulam, cukkumattantulam, dippili, ekalakikam, ekam, ekavacam, elivari, erantai, eranti, etakam, etam, eytumalan, inkai1, irattai2, kakari, kakattiruppi, kalidi, kalini, kaliti, kallni, kamam2, kaman, kamanam#, kamanam@, kamanpuli, kana2, kanai, kanam, kanamekampokki, kanamuli1, kanavatai, kanna, kanna@, kannatam, kantankanam, kantumulam2, kati, kattitosana, kattu-t-tippili, kattuttippilikkodi, kavarkulikam1, keccarutti, kindigam, kintikam, kirandigam, kirantikam, kirantiver, kirauncatanam, kirayantam, kirumanisattini, kirupantikam, kirusnam1, kiruttinam1, kiruttinatantulam1, kittinacaram, kittinan, kola, kolagam, kolaiarukki, kolaiyarukki, kolaiyarukkuncuran, kolakam, kolakam1, koli, koli@, kolikam1, kotittippili, kulam#, kulam$, kutari, magadi, makati, makati 1, makati 1@, malayaviretam, milagu, moti, motiver, mukattamancari, mukayi, narukkuttippili, narukkuveru, natikantai, palappiratikam, palappiratitam, palappiretam#, palappiretam@, panam, panam 1, pili 2, pipili, pippalai, pippali 1, pippili, pippili 1, piranciyapalam, pirapalam, potakam 2, ratintikam, takkolam4, tanman1, tanmantanmulam, tantapacalai, tantapalai, tantulam1, tantuli, tantuli2, tecavaram, tevanati1, thippili, thippili ver, thippiliver, thippli, tipali, tipilie, tipilli, tippali, tippam, tippili, tippili ver, tippilik kattai, tippilikkoti, tippilittavayam, tirantikam, titcanam1, titcanatantulam, tittatantulam, tiyaipi, tiyonti, tulampikkiri, tulavi, tulavikam, tunavi, tuttan, ulakulam, ulavainaci, uncaram, upakilliyam, upakuliyai, upakuliyam, upakullikam, upakulliyai, usanai, usanam1, utanai, uvakulam, vaitaki, vaitakikam, vaiteki, vaitekikam, vaitti, vanapippili, vatakunmanacini, vayateki, vayatorri, vettilai, viyalkana, viyalkanakam
Telugu (8)modi, peppelu pippallu, pipili, pippali, pippali katte, pippali-katte, pippallu, pippuloo
Tibetan (5)dro-sman, dro-sman-nar-mo, na-le-sam, pi pi lin, pi pi lin gi rtsa ba
Urdu (13)darfilfil, filfil daraz, pipal, pipal kalah, pipal kalan, pipal mol, pipla mul, pipla-mul, piplamul, pippala mul, pippali, rupa mukhi, tirkuta

Parts Used
(No. of  Names)
Trade Name
FRUIT (13) cheruthippali, kaattuthippali, pipal, pipal (big), pipal (small), pipal big, pipal choti, pipal gol, pippal (big), pippal (small), pippli, thippli, yaanai thippli
Not recorded (29) hippali sanna, modi, pipal asli small, pipal badi, pipal borki, pipal chhoti asli, pipal chhoti special, pipal gol, pipal jadi, pipal nai chaal, pipal round, pipal small asli, pipala mool, pipala mool dampa, pipalamool choti ganth, pipalamool kandi (dumpa no.2), pipalamool medium ganth, pipar badi (singapore), pipar choti navsari nayi, pipar suvali, piplamool dampa, piplamool dumpa, piplamool ganth, piplamool, pipramool, pippali, pippli, piper, pipramool
MATURE UNRIPE FRT. SPIKES (1) maghan
FRUITS (3) pipal big, pippali, thippili
ROOTS (6) pipala jadi, pipalamool, piparamool chalu, piparamool ghat, piplamool, pippali
ROOT (3) pipalamool badi ganth, pipla-mool, pippalamool
POWDER (2) piparamool, piper
STEMS (1) pippali
SPIKE (1) thippili
STEM (1) thippli moolum/sevvium

Suggested citation for the Website: Editors: D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. 2016. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in).  FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru.  Copy Right: FRLHT, Bengaluru and MoEFCC, GoI.