Plant species
Botanical NameAzadirachta indica A. JUSS.
Family MELIACEAE
Used InAyurveda, Folk, Homeopathy, Tibetian, Unani and Sidha

Distribution
This species is probably native to India globally distributed in the Indian subcontinent. Within India, it is commonly found throughout the greater part, and is often cultivated.
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Common Uses
The all parts of Nimba are used in the form of juice and decoction to treat fever, intrinsic haemorrhage, bleeding piles, wound, oedema, , arthritis, skin diseases, diabetes, eye diseases, leucorrhoea, as, poisons, jaundice, for fumigation, diseases of teeth, heart diseases, as specific digestive and diseases of vagina.Skin diseases (Kustha):1.The decoction of nimba and patola (Trichosanthes cucumerina)is efficacious in skin diseases (40-60 ml) (CS.Ci.7.97-99).2.Intake of haritaki (terminalia chebula)and nimba or nimba and amalaka (Phyllanthus emblica) for a month overcomes all types of skin diseases (40-60 ml) (GN.2.36.87) 3.Local application of the juice of dhattura (Datura metal) , nimba and betel leaves separately destroys skin diseases such as eczema, ring worms etc. (10-20 gms) (SG.3.11.52-53).Diabetes (Prameha):1.Decoction of bark, leaves, root fruit and flowers of nimba aragvadha, (cassia fistula) saptaparna,(Alstonia scholaris) murva (Maerua arenaria) kutaja (Holarrhena antidysenterica) , katphala (Gmelina arborea) and palasa (Butea monosperma) destroys all types of diabetes (40-60 ml) (SS.Ci.11.8) Wounds:1.Decoction of nimba leaves cleans the wound (120 ml)(CS.CS. 25.84),2.Nimba leaf mixed with honey acts as cleansing agent. Both of them added with ghee promote healing (10-15 gms) (SS.Ci.1.68),3.Paste of nimba leaves and sesamum mixed with honey cleanses wound while mixed with ghee it acts as healing agent. (10-15 gms)(VM.44.28),4.The paste of nimba leaves, by external application, cleanses and heals wound while it intake it alleviated vomiting, skin diseases disorders of pitta and kapha and worms (10-15 gms) (SG.2.5.5).
MAPS AVAILABLE
Azadirachta indica
DIGITAL HERBARIUM
Azadirachta indica
Language
(No. of Names)
Vernacular Name
English (3)margosa margosa, neem, nim
Hindi (14)balnimb, dinkan, leemba, leemda, limbada, neem, neemda, neemdi, neemdo, neemro, nim, nimb, nimgachh, ninb
Kannada (27)baalanthi baevu, baemu, baevina mara, baevu, bemu, beorunara, bevina, bevina mara, bevina-mara, bevu, beysdunara, isabaevu, kaayabaevu, kahi baevu, kahi bevu, kahi nimba, kahibevu, kaybevu, kayibevu, kaypebevu, kaypebivu, keibevu, lemalo, nimba, olle-bevu, ollebevu, vevina
Malayalam (17)aria-bepou, ariabepou, ariya-veppa, aruveppu, aryatikta, aryaveppu, arytikta, kaippanveppu, nimbam, picumarddam, pisumarddam, rajaveppu, vembu, veppa, veppu, veppuu, vepu
Marathi (11)balantanimba, balanthanimba, kadu khajur, kadukhajur, kadunimb, limb, limba, limba chajhada, limbachajhada, nimb, nimbay
Persian (4)azad-darakhte-hindi, azaddarachtehindi, neeb, nib
Sanskrit (45)a, arishta, arista, aristah, arkapadapa, chhardana, chhardighna, hingu, hinguniryasa, kaitarya, kakaphala, kireshta, kitaka, malaka, neta, nimba, nimbah, nimbaka, nimbavrikshaha, niryasa, niyamana, pakvakrita, paribhadhraka, paribhadrakah, pichumanda, picumanda, picumandah, picumarda, pitasara, prabhadra, prabhadrah, pukamalaka, puyari, rajabhadraka, ravipriya, sarvatobhadra, shirshaparna, shita, shukrapriya, subhadra, sumana, varatvacha, vishirnaparna, vranasodhakari, yavaneshta
Tamil (130)acutakimaram, akaluti, akappalamakkiyacatti, akuluti, ammapattini, ammapattiri, aracankanni, aricu2, aristakam, aritam@, arittam2, arkkapatavam, arukkapatavam, arulaci, arulundi kaduppagai, arulupati, aruluruti, arunati, aruttakam2, aruttam3, atipam, cakarakam, cakatam@, cakatamaram, cakatamuli3, cankumaru, cankumarutam, cankumarutamaram, carutopattiri, carvacatakam2, catapalacitti, catapalacittimaram, cavamuli2, cenkumaru, cippuratimuli, cirilipannan, cirinapannam, cirinapanni, cirinapannimaram, cirinapattiram, cirnaparam, cirnapattiram, civam2, civamatukam, civamatukamaram, iravippiriyam, kacappi6, kacappu3, kacappuppacitam, kacappuppacitamaram, kacappuvaruti, kacappuvarutimaram, kaitariyam, katippakai3, kecamutti, kinci 2, kincika, kinji, kiruminacamaram, kosaram, kotakapaciyam, kotakapaciyamaram, kotaravali, kotaravalimaram, malakai, malakam, malugam, malukam@, maturakkacappi, mutikam, nalatampumaram, nattuvempu, nim, nimpakam, nimpamaram, nimpataru, ninpam, niriyacam#, niriyacam@, niriyasam, nitarpam, niyacam, niyamanam@, niyamanamaram, niyaracam, niyaratam, niyatam, pacumantam, paripattiram2, pariyam2, parvatam 2, peranimpam, perunimpam, picacappiriyam, picacappiriyam#, picacappiriyam@, picacuppiriyam, picaram@, picavappiriyam, picumantam, picumantam2, picumattam, pirapattiram, pisidam, piyacukam, puyari 2, puyarikam, sengumaru, tittai, tittai@, tuttai, ukkirakantam5, ukkirakanti2, ukkragandam, varuttam, vembu, vempu, vempumaram, venipam, vepa, veppam, veppamaram, veppan, veppu, vicimikini, vicumantam, vicumikini, vicumini, viruttamaram, visapatcani
Telugu (11)nimbamu, taruka, tharuka, vaepa, vemu, vepa, vepa-chettu, vepachettu, yaapa chettu, yapa, yeppa
Tibetan (2)ni mba, ni-mba
Urdu (13)burg neem, burge neem, gul neem, maghz tukhm neem, maghz tukhm-e-neem, neem, neem ke khusk pattay, neem ki namontian, poast darakht neem, poast darakht nim, poast neem, roghan neem, roghan nim

Parts Used
(No. of  Names)
Trade Name
SEED (1) bee neem
BARK (9) bevina chakke, bevu, neem, neem chal, neem chhal, neemchhal, nim chaal, veppampattai, veppin tholi
Not recorded (23) bevina chiguru, limbodi (neemguthali), limbodi oil, neem oil, lobali beej (neem beej), neem beej, neem chaal, neem chal, neem chhal, neem ki chhaal, neem oil, neem pan, neem patti, neem phool, neemchal, neempan, neemtel (dabba packing), nim beej (nim boli), nim chaal, nim paan kadva, nimboli, veppenna, veppila
LEAVES (10) bevina soppu, bevu, neem, neem leaves/seeds/twigs, neem patta, neempan, neempan (bitter), neempatti (kadava), nim paan kadva, veppamtazhai
FLOWER (2) bevinahoo, vepamkottai
FLOWERS (2) bevu, vembu
SEEDS (9) bevu, limboli beej (neem beej magaj), limboli beej (neem beej), neem, neem beeja, nim beej (nim boli), vembu, veppamkottai, veppampoo
POWDER (1) neem pan powder
FRUIT (1) nimba hannu (big)
LEAF (1) vepanthazlai

Suggested citation for the Website: Editors: D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. 2016. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in).  FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru.  Copy Right: FRLHT, Bengaluru and MoEFCC, GoI.